Biology

The science of life and of living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution and distribution. it includes Botany, Zoology, and Microbiology.

Amino acids and Proteins

Living systems are made up of Proteins .They are the dehydration polymers of amino acids.Each amino acid residue is joined by a peptide linkage to form proteins. Proteins are the molecular instruments in which genetic information is expressed, Hormones, Antibodies,transporters, the lens protein, the architectural framework of our tissues and a myriad of substances having distinct …

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Enzymes

Body proteins perform a large number of functions. One such unique function is, they act as biological catalysts (Enzymes) .They are responsible for highly complex reactions. They direct the metabolic events and exhibit specificity toward substrates, regulate the entire metabolism.Thus, they play key role in the degradation and synthesis of nutrients, biomolecules etc. The most …

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MENDELIAN THEORY OF INHERITANCE

INTRODUCTION Gregor Johann Mendel – Father of Modern Genetics. He studied approximately 29000 pea plants to demonstrate inheritance of traits following certain laws. For seven years, Mendel bred pea plants and recorded inheritance patterns in the offspring. He studied seven characteristics in the garden pea. WHY A PEA PLANT Flower structure of pea plant ensured …

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SATURATED FAT & UNSATURATED FAT

SATURATED  FAT UNSATURATED  FAT Meats, butter, dairy products Vegetable oils Solid at room temperature Liquid at room temperature Increase levels of “bad” cholesterol  (LDL) Increase levels of “good” cholesterol  (HDL) Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) clogs arteries High-density lipoprotein (HDL), “grabs” LDL and escorts it to the liver where LDL is broken down and eventually removed from …

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