Biology

The science of life and of living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution and distribution. it includes Botany, Zoology, and Microbiology.

Proteins

Proteins are biological polymers composed of amino acids. Amino acids linked together by peptide bond to form a polypeptide chain. One or more polypeptide chain twisted into 3D shape to form protein. Protein complex shapes includes various folds, loops and curves. It is an essential constituent of all cells. It is in every part of …

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Digestion

It is the breakdown of large insoluble food molecules into small water-soluble food molecules so that they can be absorbed into watery blood plasma. Types of food: Diffusible food: includes water, minerals, amino acids, vitamins, etc. which are micro-biomolecules and need no digestion Non-diffusible food: includes proteins, fats, nucleic acids, etc. which are macro-biomolecules and …

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Proteins

Proteins are biological polymers composed of amino acids. Amino acids linked together by peptide bond to form a polypeptide chain. One or more polypeptide chain twisted into 3D shape to form protein. Protein complex shapes includes various folds, loops and curves. It is an essential constituent of all cells. It is in every part of …

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Vitamins

Vitamins are a group of substances that are needed for normal cell function, growth, and development. Animals can’t synthesize vitamins depends on plants, microbes Avitaminosis: deficiency of vitamins or presence of anti-vitamins. Vitaminosis: excess intake of vitamins causes pathological condition. Vitaminoids: these are organic compound having similar biological properties like vitamins but required in large …

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Wheat (Gehun)

Botanical name: Triticum aestivum Family: Gramineae (poaceae) Parts used: Grain (caryopsis) (dry single seeded indehiscent fruit) Cultivated in: Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, and Rajasthan Harvesting: March-April Morphology: Annual herb 0.6-1.5 m high Wild as well as cultivated Cultivated grows to a height of 2-4 ft. Stem of wheat:     Culm , erect as …

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