The Nile River

Flowing for 4,145 miles through north-east Africa, the Nile is the longest river in Africa. The river rises near the equator and flows into the Mediterranean Sea.

The largest source of the Nile is Lake Victoria. The White Nile (Bahr-el-Abiad) and the Blue Nile (Bahr-el-Azrak) unite at Khartoum to form the mighty Nile River which flows through Egypt. Water from the Nile enables farmers in the Nile Valley and Delta to raise various crops the year round.

Flooding by the Blue Nile and the Atbara used to cause annual floods of the Nile River in Egypt. Hence, the Aswan High Dam and other dams were built to retain the Nile’s floodwaters for round-the-year irrigation.

Rich in the reddish-grey slit and thus forming Africa’s most fertile soil, it is no wonder that Egypt is called the “Gift of the Nile”.


Q. What is the length of River Nile?

Q. into which sea does the Nile empty itself?

Q. Which two rivers join at Khartoum to form the Nile River?

Q. Why was the Aswan High Dam built?