Uric acid is a waste byproduct from the digestion of foods that contains Purines (component of protein). Purine are a type of chemical compound found in foods and drinks that are a part of natural diet. Purines that a person eats, are metabolized by the body. Specially, liver breaks down the purines and produces a waste product called uric acid. The uric acid is released into the bloodstream and is eventually filtered by kidneys and excreted in the urine.
If too much uric acid builds up in the bloodstream it is called Hyperuricemia.
In some people, hyperuricemia can cause kidney stones and intense inflammatory joint conditions called Gout. Other people have absolutely no symptoms of high uric acid levels and they are referred as – “asymptomatic”.
Most of the uric acid leaves your body when you pee, and some when you poop.
80% by pee
20% by stool
- Your body needs 6 mg/dl uric acid.
Purines can be divided into two categories:
- Endogenous purines that are manufactured by the body.
- Exogenous purines that enter the body via food.
Purine present in:
- Sea food
- Red meat
- Less in chicken
- Dry peas
- Alcoholic beverages, especially beer
- Organ meats.
Several factors that increase uric acid:
- By taking large amount of purines made food products
- Certain health disorders can also lead to high uric acid levels:
- Kidney diseases
- Some types of cancers
- Having a family history
- Being overweight
- Drinking too much alcohol
- Taking certain mediations:
- Vitamin B-3 (niacin)
- Immune-suppressing drugs
- Chemotherapy drugs
- Symptoms you can see during high uric acid levels:
- Intense joint pain ( in knees, ankles, wrists, and elbows )
- Redness, tenderness and swelling of the joints
- Kidney stones
- Strange lumps around your joints
- Pain in big toe.
What to take in diet:
- Drink more water
- Eat more raw vegetables
- Take lime water
- Take vitamin C enriched foods
- Take more fruits
- Pineapple ( contains Bromelain, which digests protein)
- More potassium
- High fibre
- Salads (cucumber, carrots , celery leaves, capsicum)
- Take celery seeds (ajwain), Soak half spoon celery leaves in water overnight and eat in morning.
- Eat ginger
- Giloy plant, Cut the stems and put it in boiling water and boil it until water gets half and drink the water.
- Take triphala (more in potassium)
- Green tea
- Apple cider vinegar
- Milk with turmeric powder
- Eat broccoli
- Peanut butter
- Rice, bread
- Warm water with apple cider vinegar, lemon juice, and turmeric
- Nettle tea
- Dandelion tea
- Hibiscus tea or extract
- Bath of Epson salts ( relives pain )
- “ reduce stress”
- People on a low purine diet should drink plenty of water to aid with digestion and lower uric acid concentrations in the blood.
Limit the source of purines in your diet by not taking:
- Organs meats
- List of Not to take pulses: black gram( urd dal), masur lentils( masur ki dal), beans ( rajma), chickpea(channa), garbanzo beans( cholle)
- Green peas
- Dried beans
- Avoid sugary products and sugar
- Avoid alcohol
- Less tomatoes
- Weight loss
- No spinach ( if you want to take spinach then squeeze some lemon juice on it and then take it but only sometimes )
- Less sodium intake ( salt )
- No high fat dairy products (consume only less or no fat dairy products)
- No high fat foods
- For body builders, They take more protein products, so should have more intake of water.